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Salt Water Aquarium Basics

Fishes will always be one of the most lovable pets in the household, though they are meant to be watched rather than held. The way they glide in the water and the fins swishing gently is a fun sight for everyone.

However, maintaining an aquarium is serious business and needs appropriate equipment for the setup. First, you will need the obvious, a tank or an aquarium. There are various sizes of tanks, and you must decide where you would place your aquarium in your home. If space is an issue, consider getting a smaller tank. Should there be no available aquarium for the space you have at home, you can try those DIY projects and save a lot of money, too.

Next, buy your equipment. Your aquarium kit should be composed of the following:

Filtration equipment - There are two options are available, dry or wet tickle filters and canister filters. The former can be adjusted to suit the demands of the aquarium system. The latter, in contrast, can be used with any type of aquarium system.

Lighting - To save money, choose LED fixtures because they will last longer than other types of lighting. They are compact, sleek, and efficient to use. However, you may also install a Power Center so that your other electrical equipment will be powered by one source, thus making it easier for you to maintain your aquarium.

Powerhead - You will need a powerhead so that water will circulate in your aquarium system.

Protein Skimmer - Though not entirely essential, this will help larger fishes get into the aquarium.

Live rock - Rocks provide concrete spaces for fish and other aquatic animals to sleep or hide in. These are their territories that provide shelter to them.

Substrate - Choose a heavier substrate if you are going to put a lot of water in your aquarium. You could also choose from a variety of colors and sizes to give your tank some life.

Sea Salt Mix - This will transform the water in your tank into saltwater. Buy a hydrometer as well to check the salt content of your water.

Thermometer and heater - A large aquarium will require more than one heater, whereas a smaller tank needs only one.

Air pumps - Air stones and air pumps are essential in tanks that have a counter-current protein skimmer. Otherwise, you dont need to buy one.

Vitamins - Some of these supplements are calcium and iodine, which are good for certain marine animals.

Maintenance tools - You also have to stock on a siphon, replacement parts for your equipment, an algae scraper, a pH meter and containers of various sizes. These tools will help you keep your aquarium clean and safe for your pet fish.

Keep in mind that though you can scout for cheaper materials and equipment, you also have to check for their quality. This is especially true for supplements and additives. Go to a reputable store and ask for recommendations on what specifically to buy. Doing this will ensure that you are giving your pet fishes the best aquarium system they deserve.


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